Chemotherapeutic agent an agent used to treat cancer administered in regimens of one or more cycles, combining two or more agents over a period of days to weeks. Chemotherapy definition chemotherapy is treatment of cancer with anticancer drugs purpose the main purpose of chemotherapy is to kill cancer cells it usually is used to treat patients with cancer that has spread from the place in the body where it started (metastasized) chemotherapy destroys cancer cells anywhere in the body it even kills cells that. List of chemotherapeutic agents this is a list of chemotherapeutic agents (also known as cytotoxic agents ) that are known to be of use in chemotherapy for cancer this list is organized by type of agent, although the subsections are not necessarily definitive and are subject to revision.
Use the a to z list below to find consumer-friendly information about drugs for cancer and conditions related to cancer the list is in alphabetical order by generic name and brand name. Types of chemotherapy drugs just like scalpels, lasers, and electric currents are used in surgery, the weapons used to fight cancer in chemotherapy are a host of anti-cancer drugs how differently these drugs kill cancer cells, or prevent them from dividing, depends on their classification. This list of chemotherapeutic agents covers the cancers each drug is used for, as well as the recommended dosage and possible toxicities of the therapy.
Drugs you may also find a listing of acronyms (a shorthand term used to refer to several medications used in a chemotherapy regimen) with links to their corresponding drugs acronyms managing side effects spanish. Chemotherapeutic agents antimicrobials and antibiotics antibiotic development ab natural source fungal molds bacteria bacillus actinomycetes chemotherapeutic chemical semi-synthetic hybrid mechanism of action (moa) other drug considerations availability stability cost polypeptides some can inhibit cell wall synthesis inhibit pgc subunit release from carrier inhibits teichoic acid synthesis. Categories of chemotherapeutic agents most chemotherapy agents and medications work by interfering with dna synthesis or function each chemotherapy drug works during different phases of the cell cycle.
Chemotherapeutic agents are also known as cytotoxic agents these are generally used to treat cancer it includes alkylating agents, antimetabolites, anti-tumor antibiotics, anthracyclines, topoisomerase inhibitors, etc. More than 100 chemotherapy or chemo drugs are used to treat cancer – either alone or in combination with other drugs or treatments these drugs are very different in their chemical composition, how they are taken, their usefulness in treating specific forms of cancer, and their side effects. The use of controlled-release chemotherapeutic agents is an adjunctive procedure for specific sites that are unresponsive to conventional therapy or for cases in which systemic disease or other factors preclude conventional or surgical therapy. Chemotherapeutic agents generally fall into the c or d categories drugs in the c category are those for which studies in animals have revealed adverse effects on the fetus (embryocidal, teratogenic, or other) and controlled. Agent one who agrees and is authorized to act on behalf of another, a principal, to legally bind an individual in particular business transactions with third parties pursuant to an agency relationship.
This is a list of chemotherapeutic agents (also known as cytotoxic agents) that are known to be of use in chemotherapy for cancer this list is organized by type of agent, although the subsections are not necessarily definitive and are subject to revision. This is a brief overview of chemotherapeutic agents, their mechanism of action, and some related side effects i created this presentation with google slides. Chemotherapy is the treatment of disease using chemical agents that are intended to eliminate the causative organism without harming the patient in the strict sense, this applies to the use of antibiotics to treat such invading organisms as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. Chemotherapy definition is - the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer —called also chemo.
Chemotherapy agents that can cause reversible cardiotoxicity are trastuzumab, bevacizumab, lapatinib, and sunitinib these agents also may cause hypertension a decrease in vascular endothelial growth factor (vegf) results in a reduction of nitric oxide (no) in the arteriolar wall. Classical cancer chemotherapy agents differ from most drugs in that they are intentionally cytotoxic to human cells this aspect of cancer chemotherapeutic agents produces a narrow therapeutic index (desired vs undesired) for most, but not all, agents in this class. Chemotherapy is an aggressive form of chemical drug therapy meant to destroy rapidly growing cells in the body it’s usually used to treat cancer, as cancer cells grow and divide faster than. Chemotherapy drugs can be used alone or in combination to treat a wide variety of cancers though chemotherapy is an effective way to treat many types of cancer, chemotherapy treatment also carries a risk of side effects.
Other chemotherapeutic agents: the discovery and development of sulfanilamide led to the development of numerous other chemotherapeutic agents, many of which are currently in wide use one example is the antituberculosis drug isoniazid (isonicotinic acid hydrazide, inh. The treatment of a disease with a chemical substance is called chemotherapy and the chemical substance used for the purpose is known as a chemotherapeutic drug/agent (generally called therapeutic drug/agent. Chemotherapeutic agents | adenoid health center leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cellsthese white blood cells are not fully developed and are called blasts or leukemia cells.
Alkylating chemotherapy drugs have this effect on a cancer cell during every phase of its life cycle, although their biggest impact is in the s-phase oncologists use alkylating agents for a wide range of cancers. Chemotherapeutic agents methotrexate, a folic acid inhibitor, is commonly used in the treatment of autoimmune conditions in addition to its use as a chemotherapy agent when used in the treatment of autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, the medicine is given once weekly. Chemotherapy drugs for metastatic breast cancer figure 56 lists the most common chemotherapy drugs (used alone or in combination) to treat metastatic breast cancer figure 56: chemotherapy drugs for metastatic breast cancer.